WATER FLOW AND STORAGE IN ALLUVIUM AT PERNAMBUCO SEMIARID FOR SUPPLYING SMALL COMMUNITIES

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-947820200639

Keywords:

visual MODFLOW; Beerkan method; numerical model.

Abstract

The Northeastern region has a large part of its territory inserted in the semiarid region, which is characterized by relatively low annual rainfall levels and where the situation of access to water is aggravated in rural areas with deficient conventional supply. One of the alternatives for these regions is the use of groundwater, but these springs are often exploited without knowledge of their behavior. In order to help managers better
understand and manage aquifers, computational models are used, which represent the situation of the real environment. The present work aimed to evaluate the accumulation of water in the alluvium in a river stretch in this region, and to develop a numerical model of underground flow of the porous medium. Infiltration tests were performed with the Beerkan method at three points in the study area, with collections for granulometric
analysis of the soil, where it was possible to obtain: the granulometric curve, the hydrodynamic parameters and to build the infiltration, water retention, and hydraulic conductivity curves. The soil was characterized as predominantly sandy, with infiltration time varying with the depth, where the average value of hydraulic conductivity and saturated humidity was 1.84 x 10-4 m/s and 0.44, respectively. The soil presented a low
retention capacity for the tested points. An alluvial model was built using the Visual Modflow software and the monitoring of water levels was achieved with a satisfactory numerical model. The results obtained by potentiometric maps of hydraulic heads adjusted the observations. It was also possible to observe a lowering of the water table, presenting a critical situation in future scenarios with the prolongation of the drought.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

AGÊNCIA NACIONAL DE ÁGUAS (ANA). A evolução da gestão dos recursos hídricos no Brasil. Brasília: ANA, 2002. Disponível em: http://arquivos.ana.gov.br/institucional/sge/CEDOC/Catalogo/2002/AEvolucaodaGestaodosRecursosHidricosnoBrasil.pdf. Acesso em: 10 ago. 2019.

AGÊNCIA PERNAMBUCANA DE ÁGUAS E CLIMAS (APAC). Portal. Disponível em: <http://www.apac.pe.gov.br>. Acesso em: fev. 2017.

BRAGA, R. A. P. et al. Águas de Areias. 1. ed. Recife: Ed. Clã, 2016.

CABRAL, J. J. S. P.; PAIVA, A. L. R.; ARAÚJO FILHO, P. F.; VASCONCELOS, G. L. M. B.; SILVA, D. J.; COUTINHO, A. P. Acumulação de Sedimentos e Água no Leito Seco dos Rios no Semiárido. In: BRAGA, R. (org.). Águas de Areais. Recife: ANE, 2016. 336 p.

COSTA, M. R.; CIRILO, J.A. Análise do potencial de uso das águas subterrâneas na semi-árida do estado de Pernambuco. II Congresso Internacional de Meio Ambiente Subterrâneo. São Paulo, SP. Anais [...] 2011. Disponível em: https://aguassubterraneas.abas.org/asubterraneas/article/view/28089/18213. Acesso em: 01 ago. 2019.

D’ORIA, M.; ZANINI, A. Characterization of Hydraulic Heterogeneity of Alluvial Aquifer Using Natural Stimuli: A Field Experience of Northern Italy. Water, v. 11, n. 1, p. 176, 2019. http://doi.org/10.3390/w11010176

EHTIAT, M.; MOUSAVI, S. J.; SRINIVASAN, R. Groundwater Modeling Under Variable Operating Conditions Using SWAT, MODFLOWand MT3DMS: a Catchment Scale Approach to Water Resources Management. Water Resource Management, v. 32, p. 1631-1649, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-017-1895-z

FANG, K.; JI, X.; SHEN, C.; LUDWIG, N.; GODFREY, P.; MAHJABIN, T.; DOUGHTY, C. Combining a land surface model with groundwater model calibration to assess the impacts of groundwater pumping in a mountainous desert basin. Advances in Water Resources, v. 130, p. 18-28, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2019.05.008

FURTUNATO, O. M.; MONTENEGRO, S. M. G. L.; ANTONINO, A. C. D.; OLIVEIRA, L. M. M.; SOUZA, E. S.; MOURA, A. E. S. S. Variabilidade espacial de atributos físicos-hídricos de solos em uma bacia experimental no estado de Pernambuco. Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos, v. 18, n. 2, p. 135-147, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.21168/rbrh.v18n2.p135-147

KHATTABI, J. E.; LOUCHE, B.; DARWISHE, H.; CHAABAN, F.; CARLIER, E. Impact of fertilizer application and agricultural crops on the quality of groundwater in the alluvial aquifer, Northern France. Water Air Soil Pollution, v. 229, p. 128, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-018-3767-4

KLAAS, D. K. S. Y.; IMTEAZ, M. A.; SUDIAYEM, I.; KLAAS, E. M. E.; KLAAS, E. C. M. Assessing climate changes impacts on tropical karst catchment: Implications on groundwater resource sustainability and management strategies. Journal of Hydrology, v. 582, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.124426

LUKJAN, A.; SWASDI, S.; CHALERMYANONT, T. Importance of alternative conceptual model for sustainable groundwater management of the Hat Yai Basin, Thailand. Procedia Engineering, v. 154, p. 308-316, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.07.480

MAO, W.; ZHU, Y.; DAI, H.; YE, M.; YANG, J.; WU, J. A comprehensive quasi-3-D model for regional-scale unsaturated–saturated water flow. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, v. 23, p. 3481-3502, 2019. https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-23-3481-2019

McDONALD, M. G.; HARBAUGH, A. W. A Modular Three-Dimensional Finite- Difference Ground-Water Flow Model. Technical Report. Denver: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 1988. https://doi.org/10.3133/twri06A1

MONTENEGRO, A. A. A.; MONTENEGRO, S. M. G. L.; ALMEIDA, T. A.; COSTA NETTO, M. L. Uso de águas subterrâneas para a sustentabilidade da pequena agricultura no semi-árido do Nordeste. In: SILUSBA, 7., 2005, Lisboa. Resumos de Comunicações […]. Lisboa, 2005.

MOOERS, E. W.; JAMIESON, R. C.; HAYWARD, J. L.; DRAGE, J.; LAKE, C. B. Low-impact development effects on aquifer recharge using coupled surface and groundwater models. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, v. 23, n. 9, p. 1-11, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001682

OCHOA, C. G.; SIERRA, A. M.; VIVES, L.; ZIMMERMANN, E.; BAILEY, R. Spatio-temporal patterns of the interaction between groundwater and surface water in plains. Hydrological Processes, v. 34, n. 6, p. 1371-1392, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/hyp.13615

PAIVA, A. L. R.; CABRAL, J. J. S. P.; SILVA, A. V.; CAETANO, T. O.; SILVA, D. J.; BRAGA, R. A.P. Evolução tecnológica de poços escavados em leito seco de rio no semiárido. In: SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE RECURSOS HIDRÍCOS, 21., 2015, Brasília. Anais [...]. Brasília, 2015.

PAIVA, A. L. R.; CAETANO, T. O.; SILVA, D. J.; CABRAL, J. J. S. P.; BRAGA, R. A. P. Ocorrência e características construtivas de poços escavados em aluvião - trecho alto do Rio Capibaribe – PE. In: SIMPÓSIO DE RECURSOS HIDRÍCOS DO NORDESTE, 12., 2014, Natal. Anais [...]. Natal, 2014.

ROSSMAN, N. R.; ZLOTNIK, V. A.; ROWE, C. M. Simulating lake and wetland areal coverage under future groundwater recharge projections: The Nebraska Sand Hills system. Journal of Hydrology, v. 576, p. 185-196, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.06.046

SANTOS, S. M.; PAIVA, A. L. R.; SILVA, V. F. da. Qualidade da água em barragem subterrânea no semiárido. Revista Brasileira de Agricultura Irrigada, v. 10, n. 3, p. 651 - 662, 2016 . https://doi.org/10.7127/rbai.v10n300394

SANTOS, C. A. G.; SILVA, J. F. C. B.; SILVA, R. M. Caracterização hidrodinâmica dos solos da bacia experimental do riacho Guaraíra utilizando o método Beerkan. Revista Brasileira de Recursos Hídricos, v. 17, n. 4, p. 149-160, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.21168/rbrh.v17n4.p149-160

SATHISH, S.; MOHAMED, M.; KLAMMLER, H. Regional groundwater flow model for Abu Dhabi Emirate: scenario based investigation. Environmental Earth Sciences, v. 77, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-018-7544-x

SILVA, D. J. Caracterização da aluvião no alto rio Capibaribe. Monografia (Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso) – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Caruaru, 2015.

SILVA, G.; FIGUEIREDO, L.; MORAES, M. Curvas de demanda pelos recursos hídricos dos principais usos consuntivos no submédio da bacia do rio São Francisco. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Ambientais, v. 36, p. 45-59, 2015. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-947820151004

SOUZA, E. S. Caracterização hidrodinâmica na escala local e da parcela agrícola de dois solos do estado da paraíba: variabilidade espacial e temporal, e meio homogêneo equivalente. 138f. Tese (Doutorado em Ciências) – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Recife, 2005.

SOUZA, E. S.; ANTONINO, A. C. D.; ANGULO-JARAMILLO, R.; MACIEL NETTO, A. Caracterização hidrodinâmica de solos: Aplicação do método Beerkan. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, v. 12, n. 2, p. 128-135, 2008a. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-43662008000200004

SOUZA, E. S.; ANTONINO, A. C. D.; ANGULO-JARAMILLO, R.; MACIEL NETTO, A. MONTENEGRO, S. M. G. L.; SILVA, E. B. Variabilidade espacial dos parâmetros hidrodinâmicos de duas parcelas agrícolas no estado da Paraíba. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 32, n. 5, p. 1795-1804, 2008b. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-06832008000500001

TEIXEIRA, C.; PORTO, R. Avaliação da qualidade da água e autodepuração dos rios da bacia do rio Piracicaba. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Ambientais, v. 16, p. 20-31, 2008.

TUNDISI, J. G. Recursos hídricos no Brasil: problemas, desafios e estratégias para o futuro. Rio de Janeiro: Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 2014. 76 p.

UNITED STATES. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Soil survey laboratory methods and procedures for collecting soil samples. Washington, D.C.: Soil Conservation Service, 1967. 50 p. (Soil Survey Investigation Report, 1.)

VAN GENUCHTEN, M.Th. A closed-form equation for predicting the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soils. Soil Science Society of American Journal, Madison, v. 44, n. 5, p. 892-898, 1980. http://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400050002x

XI-YANG, C.; FENG, R. YAN, L. Research on precipitation simulation of water-rich subway station based on Visual Modflow. In: INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CIVIL AND HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING, 2018. Anais […]. 2018.

ZEINALI, M.; AZARI, A.; HEIDARI, M. M. Simulating unsaturated zone of soil for estimating the recharge rate and flow exchange between a river and an aquifer. Water Resources Management, v. 34, p. 425-443, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-019-02458-7

Published

2020-07-01

How to Cite

Santos, W. J. S. dos, Paiva, A. L. R. de, Coutinho, A. P., & Cabral, J. J. da S. P. (2020). WATER FLOW AND STORAGE IN ALLUVIUM AT PERNAMBUCO SEMIARID FOR SUPPLYING SMALL COMMUNITIES. Revista Brasileira De Ciências Ambientais (RBCIAMB), 55(4), 479–497. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-947820200639

More articles by the same author(s)