Bibliometric review of electro-electronic waste (WEEE) in the Web of Science database: groups’ production and main themes




bibliometric analysis; circular economy; environmental Impact; electronic waste; sustainability


The waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) has been one of the largest and growing wastes generated in the world, turning into a great challenge for humanity. The objective of the article was to map the scientific production on WEEE in the last decade (2012–2022), adopting a bibliometric analysis as a research method based on the survey of documents obtained from the Web of Science database. A total of 278 research and review articles were selected for analysis, with the use of Vosviewer and RStudio software. As a result, there was a significant increase in the number of publications in the last decade, with 86% of articles published between 2015 and 2022. In addition, it was possible to obtain the ranking of the most important authors, and the journals most used for publication of articles; it was found that the Asian, European and American continents had the greatest contribution. In the analysis of document coupling, combined with that of keywords, the main areas connected to WEEE currently researched were found: electronic waste recycling; environmental impacts; sustainability; circular economy; efficient e-waste management and e-waste recycling technologies; in addition, the keywords “e-waste” and “polybrominated diphenyl ethers” were the most frequent words used by the authors to represent the theme. It can be concluded that the theme has stood out over the last few years, with several publications providing managerial and political implications for researchers and professionals.


Download data is not yet available.


Almeida, I.C.S; Galvão, R.; Resende, L., 2018. Academic rankings and pluralism: The case of Brazil and the new version of Qualis. EconomiA, v. 19, (3), 293-313.

Al-Salem, S.M.; Leeke, G.; El-eskandarany, M.S.; Haute, M.V.; Constatinou, A.; Dewill, R.; Baeyens, J., 2022. On the implementation of the circular economy route for E- waste management: A critical review and an analysis for the case of the state of Kuwait. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 323, 116-118.

Awasthi, A.K.; Zeng, X.; Li, J., 2016. Relationship between e-waste recycling and human health risk in India: a critical review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 23, p. 11509-11532.

Brasil, 2000. Implementação de sistema de logística reversa de produtos eletroeletrônicos e seus componentes de uso doméstico. Decreto nº 10.240/2000, de 12 fevereiro de 2020 Accessed October 22, 2022) at:.

Brasil, 2010. Política nacional de resíduos sólidos. Lei nº 12.305, de 2 de agosto de 2010 Accessed October 23, 2022) at:.

Bressanelli, G.; Perona, M.; Saccani, N., 2019. Challenges in supply chain redesign for the Circular Economy: A literature review and a multiple case study. International Journal of Production Research, v. 57, (23), 7395-7422.

Cavalcante, W.Q.F.; Coelho, A.; Bairrada, C.M., 2021. Sustainability and tourism marketing: A bibliometric analysis of publications between 1997 and 2020 using vosviewer software. Sustainability, v. 13, (9), 4987.

Concari, A.; Kok, G.; Martens, P., 2020. Revisão sistemática da literatura sobre conceitos e fatores relacionados ao comportamento pró-ambiental do consumidor em relação ao gerenciamento de resíduos por meio de uma abordagem interdisciplinar. Sustentabilidade, v. 12, (11), 4452.

Concari, A.; Kok, G.; Martens, P., 2022. Recycling behaviour: Mapping knowledge domain through bibliometrics and text mining. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 303, 114160.

Corrêa Nunes, I.; Kohlbeck, E.; Hänsch Beuren, F.; Borges Fagundes, A.; Pereira, D., 2021. Life cycle analysis of electronic products for a product-service syste. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 314, 127926.

Forti, V.; Baldé, C. P.; Kuehr, R.; Bel, G., 2020. The global e-waste monitor 2020: Quantities, flows and the circular economy potential. ITU (Accessed January 01, 2023) at:.

Forti, V.; Baldé, C. P.; Kuehr, R. Bel. G., 2020. The Global E-waste Monitor 2020: quantities, flows and the circular economy potential. Bonn/Geneva/Rotterdam: United Nations University /United Nations Institute for Training and Research – co-hosted SCYCLE Programme, International Telecommunication Union & International Solid Waste Association.

Gollakota, A.R.K.; Gautam, S.; Shu, C.M., 2020. Inconsistências na gestão de lixo eletrônico em países em desenvolvimento – fatos e soluções plausíveis. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 261, 110234.

Govindan, K.; Soleimani, H., 2017. Uma revisão da logística reversa e cadeias de suprimentos de circuito fechado: um diário com foco na produção mais limpa. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 142, (Part 1), 371-384.

Goodship, V.; Stevels, A.; Huisman, J. (Eds.)., 2019. Manual de Resíduos de Equipamentos Elétricos e Eletrônicos. Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing (Accessed December 22, 2023) at:.

Guedes, F.L.; El-Deir, S.G.; Aragão Júnior, W.R.; Jucá, J.F.T., 2022. Analysis of Scientific Production of Refused Derived Fuel through Scientometric and Bibliometric Indicators. Journal of Environmental Analysis and Progress, v. 7, (2), 52-61.

Hahladakis, J.N.; Velis, C.A.; Eber, R.; Lacovidou, E.; Purnell, P., 2018. An overview of chemical additives present in plastics: Migration, release, fate and environmental impact during their use, disposal and recycling. Journal of Hazardous Materials, v. 344, 179-199.

Ilankoon, I.; Ghorbani, Y.; Chong, M.; Herath, G.; Moyo, T.; Petersen, J., 2018. E-waste in the international context – A review of trade flows, regulations, hazards, waste management strategies and technologies for value recovery. Waste Management, v. 82, 258-275.

Islam, M.D.T.; Huda, N., 2018. Reverse logistics and closed-loop supply chain of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)/E-waste: A comprehensive literature review. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, v. 137, 48-75.

Ismail, H.; Hanafiah, M.M., 2019. An overview of LCA application in WEEE management: Current practices, progress and challenges. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 232, p. 79-93,

Ismail, H.; Hanafiah, M.M., 2020. Uma revisão da geração e gestão sustentável de lixo eletrônico: perspectivas presentes e futuras. Journal of Environmental Management, v. 264, 110495.

Kaya, M., 2016. Recovery of metals and nonmetals from electronic waste by physical and chemical recycling processes. Waste Management, v. 57, 64-90.

Kiddee, P.; Naidu, R.; Wong, M.H., 2013. Electronic waste management approaches: An overview. Wast Management, v. 33, (5), 1237-1250.

Kücher, A.; Feldbauer-Durstmüller, B., 2019. Organizational failure and decline – A bibliometric study of the scientific frontend. Journal of Business Research, v. 98, 503-516.

Kumar, A.; Holuszko, M.; Espinosa, D.C.R., 2017. E-waste: An overview on generation, collection, legislation and recycling practices. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, v. 122, 32-42.

Lepawsky, J., 2015. “The changing geography of global trade in electronic discards: Time to rethink the e-waste problem. The Geographical Journal, v. 181, (2), 147-159.

Li, J.; Lopez, B.N.; Liu, L.; Zhao, N.; Yu, K.; Zheng, L., 2013.Regional or global WEEE recycling. Where to go? Waste Management, v. 33, 923-934.

Moher, D.; Liberati, A.; Tetzlaff, J.; Altman, D.G., 2009. Reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, v. 6, (7), 264-269.

Mulet-Forteza, C.; Martorell-Cunill, O.; Merigó, JM; Genovart-Balaguer, J.; Mauleon-Mendez, E., 2018. Twenty five years of the journal of travel & tourism marketing: a bibliometric ranking. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, v. 35, (9), 1201-1221.

Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU), 1991. CNUNMA – Conferência das Nações Unidas sobre Meio Ambiente e Desenvolvimento. Agenda 21. Washington: ONU (Accessed January 03, 2023) at:.

Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU), 2015. A ONU e o meio ambiente (Accessed January 03, 2023) at:.

Organização das Nações Unidas (ONU), 2020. China e Estados Unidos lideram lista de países que mais geram lixo eletrônico. Clima e meio ambiente (Accessed January 03, 2023) at:.

Pérez-Belis, V.; Bovea, M.D.; Ibáñez-Forés, V., 2015. An in-depth literature review of the waste electrical and electronic equipment context: Trends and evolution. Waste Management & Research, v. 33, (1), 3-29.

Perkins, D.N.; Drisse, N.B.; Nxele, T.; Sly, P.D., 2014. E-Waste: A Global Hazard. Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. Annals of Global Health, v. 80, 286-295.

Premalatha, M.; Abbasi, T.; Abbasi, T.; Abbasi, S., 2014. The generation, impact, and management of e-waste: State of the art. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, v. 44, (14), 1577-1678.

Sharma, M.; Joshi, S.; Kumar, A., 2020. Assessing enablers of e-waste management in circular economy using DEMATEL method: An Indian perspective. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 27, (12), 13325-13338.

Shittu, O.S.; Williams, I D.; Shaw, P.J., 2021. Global E-waste management: Can WEEE make a difference? A review of e-waste trends, legislation, contemporary issues and future challenges. Waste Management, v. 120, 549-563.

Singh, S.; Trivedi, B.; Dasgupta, M. S.; Routroy, S., 2021. A bibliometric analysis of circular economy concept in E-waste research during the period 2008–2020. Materials Today: Proceedings, v. 46, (Part 17), 8519-8524.

Tansel, B., 2017. From electronic consumer products to e-wastes: Global outlook, waste quantities, recycling challenges. Environnent international, v. 98, 35-45.

Tembhare, S.P.; Bhanvase, B.A.; Barai, D.P.; Dhoble, S.J., 2022. E-waste recycling practices: a review on environmental concerns, remediation and technological developments with a focus on printed circuit boards. Environment, Development and Sustainability, v. 24, 1-83.

Tsai, F.M; Bui, T.-D.; Tseng, M.-L.; Lim, M.K.; Hu, J., 2020. Municipal solid waste management in a circular economy: A data-driven bibliometric analysis. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 275, p. 124132.

Türkeli, S.; Kemp, R.; Huang, B.; Bleischwitz, R.; McDowall, W., 2018. Circular economy scientific knowledge in the European Union and China: A bibliometric, network and survey analysis (2006–2016). Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 197, (Part 1), 1244-1261.

Van Eck, J.N.; Waltman, L., 2010. Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, v. 84, 523-538.

Zhang, L.; Xu, Z., 2016. A review of current progress of recycling technologies for metals from waste electrical and electronic equipment. Journal of Cleaner Production, v. 127, 19-36.

Zhang, Y.; Geng, Y.; Zhong, Y.; Dong, H.; Liu, Z., 2019. Uma análise bibliométrica da pesquisa de resíduos eletroeletrônicos. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 26, 21098-21108.




How to Cite

Bizerra, M. G., Santos, L. A., Cordeiro, L. F. A., & Sales, A. T. (2023). Bibliometric review of electro-electronic waste (WEEE) in the Web of Science database: groups’ production and main themes. Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences (RBCIAMB), 58(3), 342–351.