Selection of green manures to provide ecosystem services in a semi-arid environment

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-94781268

Keywords:

Conservation management, agroecosystems, ecological services

Abstract

Green manure is a soil management technique which provides several benefits to agroecosystems, improving the chemical, physical and biological quality of the soil, allowing them to provide different ecosystem services. Thus, the purpose of this work was to select green manures to compose multifunctional agroecosystems that provide ecosystem services in a semi-arid environment through the addition of biomass, C and N, and nutrient cycling. Thus, 29 treatments were evaluated in two cultivation cycles, using 14 species of legumes, oilseeds and grasses, distributed in single and intercropped crops. The green manures were cut at 70 days after sowing, and samples of the shoot and root parts were collected, with the production of fresh and dry biomass and the N, P, K, Ca, Mg and S levels being evaluated. C and biomass from rhizodeposition were also estimated. From these data, the accumulation of nutrients in the shoot and root biomass was calculated. Data were compared using descriptive and multivariate statistics. There is a positive relationship between the growing number of species used in consortium and the greater production of shoot and root biomass, favoring the increase in the capacity of the agroecosystem to provide provision and regulation services, with the latter being associated with climate change mitigation measures, highlighting the importance of biodiversity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Almeida, K.; Câmara, F.L.A., 2011. Produtividade de biomassa e acúmulo de nutrientes em adubos verdes de verão, em cultivos solteiros e consorciados. Revista Brasileira de Agroecologia, v. 6, (2), 55-62.

Alves, V.M.C.; Parentoni, S.N.; Vasconcellos, C.A.; Pitta, G.V.E., França, C.C.M., 2002. Cinética de absorção de fósforo e crescimento do sistema radicular de genótipos de milho contrastantes para eficiência a fósforo. Revista Brasileira de Milho e Sorgo, v. 1, (1), 85-92.

Blanco-Canqui, H.; Shaver, T.M.; Lindquist, J.L.; Shapiro, C.A.; Elmore, R.W.; Francis, C.A.; Hergert, G.W., 2015. Cover crops and ecosystem services: Insights from studies in temperate soils. Agronomy Journal, v. 107, (6), 2449-2474. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj15.0086.

Bolinder, M.A.; Janzen, H.H.; Gregorich, E.G.; Angers, D.A.; Vandenbygaart, B., 2007. An approach for estimating net primary productivity and annual carbon inputs to soil for common agricultural crops in Canada. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, v. 118, (1-4), 29-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2006.05.013.

Boyd, J.; Banzhaf, S., 2007. What are ecosystem services? The need for standardized environmental accounting units. Ecological Economics, v. 63, (2-3), 616-626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.01.002.

Brandão, S.S., 2016. Coquetéis vegetais no cultivo de mangueira no Semiárido. Dissertação de Mestrado, Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Juazeiro/BA. Retrieved 2021-07-27, from https://biblioteca.univasf.edu.br.

Caride, C.; Piñeiro, G.; Paruelo, J.M., 2012. How does agricultural management modify ecosystem services in the argentine Pampas? The effects on soil C dynamics. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, v. 154, 23-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2011.05.031.

Carmo, C.D.S.; Araújo, W.S.; Bernardi, A.D.C.; Saldanha, M.F.C., 2000. Métodos de análise de tecidos vegetais utilizados na Embrapa Solos. Embrapa Solos-Circular Técnica, v. 6, 41 pp.

Chaves, A.M.S.; Vieira, A.G.T.; França, E.M.S.; Santos, E.J.; Teixeira, G.D.S.S.; Silva, J.I.D.S.; Souza, R.M.E., 2021. Análise dos serviços ecossistêmicos na paisagem Semiárida da Bacia do Riacho São José, Pernambuco. Geosaberes, v. 12, 139-158. https://doi.org/10.26895/geosaberes.v12i0.1147.

Costa, E.M.; Silva, H.F.; Ribeiro, P.R.A., 2013. Matéria orgânica do solo e o seu papel na manutenção e produtividade dos sistemas agrícolas. Enciclopédia Biosfera, v. 9, (17), 1842.

Couëdel, A.; Alletto, L.; Tribouillois, H.; Justes, É., 2018. Cover crop crucifer-legume mixtures provide effective nitrate catch crop and nitrogen green manure ecosystem services. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, v. 254, 50-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.11.017.

Crusciol, C.A.C.; Nascente, A.S.; Mauad, M.; Silva, A.C.L., 2013. Root and shoot development, nutrition and uptake efficiency of macronutrients and zinc by upland rice cultivars as affected by phosphorus fertilization. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, v. 34, (5), 2061-2076. https://doi.org/10.5433/1679-0359.2013v34n5p2061.

Cunha, T.J.F.; Neto, M.B.O.; Giongo, V.; Sá, I.B.; Taura, T.A.; Filho, J.C.A.; Silva, M.S.L.; Parahyba, R.B.V.; Lucena, A.M.A., 2010. Solos da margem esquerda do rio São Francisco: município de Petrolina, Estado de Pernambuco. Embrapa Semiárido-Documentos, v. 236, 173.

Daryanto, S.; Fu, B.; Wang, L.; Jacinthe, P.A.; Zhao, W., 2018. Quantitative synthesis on the ecosystem services of cover crops. Earth-Science Reviews, v. 185, 357-373. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.06.013.

De Miranda, J.C.C.; De Miranda, L.N., 2011. Dependência micorrízica de diferentes culturas anuais, adubos verdes e pastagens em solos de cerrado. Embrapa Gado de Corte-Comunicado Técnico, v. 114, 3.

Favarato, L.F.; Souza, J.L.; Guarçoni, R.C.; Pereira, V.A., 2017. Fresh biomass of plants as cover fertilizer for organic cultivation of cabbage. Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável, v. 7, (3), 16-23.

Ferraz, R.P.D.; Prado, R.B.; Simões, M.G.; Fidalgo, E.C.C.; Lima, I.B.T.; Parron, L.M.; Campanha, M.M.; Winckler, L.T., 2019. Serviços ecossistêmicos: relações com a agricultura. In: Ferraz, R.P.D.; Prado, R.B.; Parron, L.M.; Campanha, M.M. (Eds.). Marco referencial em serviços ecossistêmicos. Embrapa, Brasília, pp. 89-107.

Finney, D.M.; Kaye, J.P., 2017. Functional diversity in cover crop polycultures increases multifunctionality of an agricultural system. Journal of Applied Ecology, v. 54, (2), 509-517. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12765.

Finney, D.M.; White, C.M.; Kaye, J.P., 2016. Biomass production and carbon/nitrogen ratio influence ecosystem services from cover crop mixtures. Agronomy Journal, v. 108, (1), 39-52. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj15.0182.

Fracetto, F.J.C.; Fracetto, G.G.M.; Barros, F.M.D.R.; Lira, M.D.A.; Siqueira, M., 2019. Free-living diazotrophs drive castor bean nitrogen input in tropical semiarid soils. Ciência Rural, v. 49, (12), e20190446. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20190446.

Freitas, M.S.C., 2018. Distribuição de organismos da fauna epigeica, ciclagem de Nutrientes e carbono do solo em agroecossistema de Mangueira no Semiárido. Tese de Doutorado em Agronomia, Centro de Ciências Agrárias da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Areia, Paraíba. Retrived 2022-03-06, from https://repositorio.ufpb.br/jspui/handle/123456789/14396.

Garcia-Franco, N.; Albaladejo, J.; Almagro, M.; Martínez-Mena, M., 2015. Beneficial effects of reduced tillage and green manure on soil aggregation and stabilization of organic carbon in a Mediterranean agroecosystem. Soil and Tillage Research, v. 153, 66-75. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2015.05.010.

Giongo, V.; Coleman, K.; Silva S.M.; Salviano, A.M.; Olszveski, N.; Silva, D.J.; Richter, G.M., 2020. Optimizing multifunctional agroecosystems in irrigated dryland agriculture to restore soil carbon–Experiments and modelling. Science of the Total Environment, v. 725, 138072. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138072.

Giongo, V.; Salviano, A.M.; Santana, M.D.S.; Costa, N.D.; Yuri, J.E., 2016a. Soil management systems for sustainable melon cropping in the submedian of the São Francisco Valley. Revista Caatinga, v. 29, (3), 537-547. https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252016v29n303rc.

Giongo, V.; Salviano, A.M.; Silva, D.J.; Cunha, T.J.F., 2016b. Uso de coquetéis vegetais em sistemas agrícolas irrigados no Semiárido brasileiro. Embrapa Semiárido-Comunicado Técnico, v. 166, 5.

Giongo, V.; Silva, D.J.; Salviano, A.M.; Cunha, T.J.F.; Figueirêdo, M.C.B., 2021. Desenhos de agroecossistemas multifuncionais para o cultivo de frutícolas irrigadas no Semiárido. Embrapa Semiárido-Comunicado Técnico, v. 182, 1-17.

Leijster, V.; Santos, M.J.; Wassen, M.J.; Ramos-Font, M.E.; Robles, A.B.; Díaz, M.; Verweij, P.A., 2019. Agroecological management improves ecosystem services in almond orchards within one year. Ecosystem Services, v. 38, 100948. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2019.100948.

Lerner, F.; Ferreira, M.I.P., 2016. Vulnerabilidade ambiental em uma comunidade rural no entorno do parque nacional da restinga de Jurubatiba (RJ, Brasil). Brazilian Journal of Environmental Sciences, (42), 82-103. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-9478201600122.

Maltais-Landry, G.; Frossard, E., 2015. Similar phosphorus transfer from cover crop residues and water-soluble mineral fertilizer to soils and a subsequent crop. Plant and Soil, v. 393, (1-2), 193-205. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-015-2477-6.

Mendes, L.W.; Tsai, S.M.; Navarrete, A.A.; Hollander, M.; Veen, J.A.; Kuramae, E.E., 2015. Soil-borne microbiome: linking diversity to function. Microbial Ecology, v. 70, 255-265. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-014-0559-2.

Monquero, P.A.; Côrrea, M.C.; Barbosa, L.N.; Gutierrez, A.; Orzari, I.; Hirata, A.C.S., 2013. Seleção de espécies de adubos verdes visando à fitorremediação de diclosulam. Planta Daninha, v. 31, (1), 127-135. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-83582013000100014.

Montalvao, M.L., 2021. Sistemas agroflorestais: diversificação agrícola e uso sustentável dos recursos naturais na Resex Arapixi-AM. Geographia Opportuno Tempore, v. 7, (1), 120-134.

Pausch, J.; Kuziakov, Y., 2018. Carbon input by roots into the soil: quantification of rhizodeposition from root to ecosystem scale. Global Change Biology, v. 24, (1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13850.

Phocharoen, Y.; Aramrak, S.; Chittamart, N.; Wisawapipat, W., 2018. Potassium influence on soil aggregate stability. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, v. 49, (17), 2162-2174. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2018.1499752.

Ribeiro, P.H.; Santos, J.V.V.M.; Coser, S.M.; Nogueira, N.O.; Martins, C.A.S., 2011. Adubação verde, os estoques de carbono e nitrogênio e a qualidade da matéria orgânica do solo. Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável, v. 6, (1), 43-50. https://doi.org/10.18378/rvads.v6i1.

Rocha, F.S.; Campos, V.P.; Souza, R. 2004. Efeito de exsudatos radiculares em endósporos de Pasteuria penetrans e em juvenis do segundo estádio de Meloidogyne incognita. Fitopatologia Brasileira, v. 29, (6), 644-650. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-41582004000600008.

Savy Filho, A.; Paulo, E.M.; Martins, A.L.M.; Gerin, M.A.N., 1999. Variedades de mamona do Instituto Agronômico. Instituto Agronômico, Campinas, v. 183, 12 pp.

Sena, V.G.L.; Moura, E.G.; Macedo, V.R.A.; Aguar, A.C.F.; Price, A.H.; Mooney, S.J.; Calonego, J.C., 2020. Ecosystem services for intensification of agriculture, with emphasis on increased nitrogen ecological use efficiency. Ecosphere, v. 11, (2), e03028. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.3028.

Sumner, M., 2009. Gypsum improves subsoil root growth. In: Proceedings of International Symposium Root Reseacher and Aplications, BOKU, Viena, Austria. v. 1, 1-4.

Teodoro, R.B.; Oliveira, F.B. de; Silva, D.M.N. da; Fávero, C.; Quaresma, M.A.L., 2011. Aspectos agronômicos de leguminosas para adubação verde no Cerrado do Alto Vale do Jequitinhonha. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, v. 35, (2), 635-643. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-068320110000200032.

Villarino, S.H.; Pinto, P.; Jackson, R.B.; Piñeiro, G., 2021. Rizodeposição vegetal: um fator-chave para a formação de matéria orgânica do solo em frações estáveis. Science Advances, v. 7, (16), eabd3176. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abd3176.

Zornoza, R.; Acosta, J.A.; Bastida, F.; Domínguez, S.G.; Toledo, D.M.; Faz A., 2015. Identification of sensitive indicators to assess the interrelationship between soil quality, management practices and human health. Soil, v. 1, (1), 173-185. https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-1-173-2015.

Downloads

Published

2022-08-23

How to Cite

Deus, T. R. V. de, Giongo, V., Salviano, A. M., Santana, M. da S., Silva, V. C. da, & Santos, T. C. dos. (2022). Selection of green manures to provide ecosystem services in a semi-arid environment. Revista Brasileira De Ciências Ambientais (RBCIAMB), 57(3), 409–421. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z2176-94781268